Experience, Excel and Enjoy


For History we use the Learning Challenge Curriculum, which ensures full coverage of the National Curriculum. It follows the programmes of study for each year very carefully and provides the right balance between using history and geography as the main drivers but ensuring that creative and expressive arts get a fair representation across the curriculum.
Each set of Learning Challenges then links directly to the history or geography knowledge, skills and understanding to ensure that learning is progressive and continuous.


History Programme of Study:

Key Stage 1


Pupils should begin to develop an awareness of the past and the ways in which it is similar to and different from the present. They should understand simple subject-specific vocabulary relating to the passing of time and begin to develop an understanding of the key features of a range of different events and historical periods.

Pupils should be taught about:

  • simple vocabulary relating to the passing of time such as ‘before’, ‘after’, ‘past’, ‘present’, ‘then’ and ‘now’
  • the concept of nation and of a nation’s history
  • concepts such as civilisation, monarchy, parliament, democracy, and war and peace that are essential to understanding history
  • the lives of significant individuals in Britain’s past who have contributed to our nation’s achievements – scientists such as Isaac Newton or Michael Faraday, reformers such as Elizabeth Fry or William Wilberforce, medical pioneers such as William Harvey or Florence Nightingale, or creative geniuses such as Isambard Kingdom Brunel or Christina Rossetti
  • key events in the past that are significant nationally and globally, particularly those that coincide with festivals or other events that are commemorated throughout the year
  • significant historical events, people and places in their own locality.

History Programme of Study:

Key Stage 2


Pupils should be taught about the ancient civilisations of Greece and Rome. In addition, across Key Stages 2 and 3, pupils should be taught the essential chronology of Britain’s history. This will serve as an essential frame of reference for more in-depth study. Pupils should be made aware that history takes many forms, including cultural, economic, military, political, religious and social history.

Pupils should be taught about key dates, events and significant individuals. They should also be given the opportunity to study local history.

  • Early Britons and settlers, including: the Stone, Bronze and Iron Ages
  • Celtic culture and patterns of settlement

Roman conquest and rule, including:

  • Caesar, Augustus, and Claudius
  • Britain as part of the Roman Empire
  • the decline and fall of the Western Roman Empire

Anglo-Saxon and Viking settlement, including:

  • the Heptarchy
  • the spread of Christianity
  • key developments in the reigns of Alfred, Athelstan, Cnut and Edward the Confessor

The Norman Conquest and Norman rule, including:

  • the Domesday Book
  • feudalism
  • Norman culture
  • the Crusades

Plantagenet rule in the 12th and 13th centuries, including:

  • key developments in the reign of Henry II, including the murder of Thomas Becket
  • Magna Carta
  • de Montfort’s Parliament

Relations between England, Wales, Scotland and France, including:

  • William Wallace
  • Robert the Bruce
  • Llywelyn and Dafydd ap Gruffydd
  • the Hundred Years War

Life in 14th-century England, including:

  • chivalry
  • the Black Death
  • the Peasants’ Revolt

the later Middle Ages and the early modern period, including:

  • Chaucer and the revival of learning
  • Wycliffe’s Bible
  • Caxton and the introduction of the printing press
  • the Wars of the Roses
  • Warwick the Kingmaker

The Tudor period, including religious strife and Reformation in the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI, and Mary. Elizabeth I’s reign and English expansion, including:

  • colonisation of the New World
  • plantation of Ireland
  • conflict with Spain

The Renaissance in England, including the lives and works of individuals such as Shakespeare and Marlowe

The Stuart period, including:

  • the Union of the Crowns
  • King versus Parliament
  • Cromwell’s commonwealth, the Levellers and the Diggers
  • the restoration of the monarchy
  • the Great Plague and the Great Fire of London
  • Samuel Pepys and the establishment of the Royal Navy
  • the Glorious Revolution, constitutional monarchy and the Union of the Parliaments.